The European Union has taken steps to crack down on illegal timber imports, according to the European Commission.
On its website, the Commission said that illegal logging destroyed millions of acres of forest each year.
It warned that much of the timber ended up in Europe, one of the world’s largest markets for wood products like lumber, plywood and furniture.
About 20% of these imports came from trees that were illegally felled, it added.
Until now, the EU has promoted voluntary action to curb illegal logging. But under a new legislative proposal unveiled on 17 October, importers would have to take certain steps to verify the wood is legal.
The regulation would also apply to timber producers in the EU, where illegal logging has been reported in some countries.
Research shows that illegal logging is wreaking environmental havoc, accelerating deforestation, biodiversity loss and climate change.
Deforestation also accounts for almost a fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions.
The Commission warned that the problem was getting worse, adding that more than half of logging now occurred in vulnerable regions, such as the Amazon basin, central Africa, and south-east Asia.
In some countries, illegal logging is so rampant it far outstrips legal timber production.
Deforestation is expected to be a priority in the upcoming international talks on climate change. The Commission is proposing a global scheme to reward developing countries for cuts in greenhouse gases achieved by reducing deforestation.
The Commission’s website stated: “Illegal logging is not just a problem for the environment.
“It robs indigenous and local people of jobs and resources, and it fosters corruption and organised crime, with profits often used to fund regional wars.
“It also costs governments billions of euros in lost revenues and undermines the competitiveness of legal logging operations in both importing and exporting countries.”
Source: European Commission website